Deloraine, Tasmania



Situated 53 km south east of Devonport and 51 km west of Launceston on Bass Highway, Deloraine is a delightful village in the valley of the Meander River. The park by the Meader River is a beautiful spot for a picnic lunch.

Deloraine's resident population of around 2,000 swells by 30,000 when Australia's biggest working craft fair comes to town every November. Held over four days, more than 200 exhibitors show everything from kites to candle wicks, kaleidoscopes to fine silkscreen paintings, woodcarvings, lead lights and hand-blown glassware.

If you can't make it to Deloraine in November, don't let that deter you from coming any time of the year as Deloraine is a major centre for arts and crafts in Northern Tasmania. Wander around and you'll come across many galleries, craft shops and antique stores displaying mainly the works by local artists. Among our favourites are Art as Mania, Bush Rabbit and The Alpaca Shoppe.

Where Is it?: Deloraine is 53 km south east of Devonport and 51 km west of Launceston on Bass Highway in the valley of the Meander River.

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The Malua Memorial, commemorates the winner of the Melbourne Cup in 1884. Malua was bred at the famous Calstock stud property at Deloraine in Tasmania in 1879. The memorial features a life size bronze statue of Malua as well as a series of photos behind the statue commemorating the racehorse. In 1884 Malua not won the Melbourne Cup but also the nation's top sprint races, the Newmarket Handicap and the Oakleigh Plate against the best sprinters in the land. A few months later he won Australia's richest stayer's race of the time , the Adelaide Cup, and then capped it off by winning that year's prestigious Melbourne Cup against the nation's best stayers.

He was retired to a very successful stud career, but in 1886 he was brought back to the track to win the Australian Cup. In 1888 he came out of retirement again, and, ridden by his owner he won the stayer's Australian Grand National Hurdle against the best jumpers of the time. No other horse has ever come near to Malua's amazing record and he is always always known as “Australia's Most Versatile Champion.”



Great Western Tiers Sculpture Trail

These works from 15 different artists are located beside the river in Deloraine (7 works of art) and in the surrounding countryside. Most are located on the road from Deloraine through Mole Creek and on to Mayberry and Lake Mackenzie. A brochure provides detailed information about the artists and descriptions of what they were trying to express with the sculptures. The brochure is available from the Great Western Tiers Visitor Centre, 98 - 100 Emu Bay Road, Deloraine.



Meander Riverside Walk


The 45 minute walk starts beside the Meander River downstream from the bridge where the weir was built to drive the wheel inside the historic Electric Power Station. The circuit takes you over two suspension bridges. The walk also features a series of significant sculptures along both banks and the Kooparoona Niara Cultural Trail follows the same path, so you will learn about the rich local indigenous culture as you follow the trail.



The first bridge across the river here was built by convicts in 1831. It was destroyed by a flood in 1844 but quickly replaced by another bridge built by convicts. The second bridge was replaced in 1877 and part of that bridge - the stone piers which can be seen from the parks on either side - still stand today. It was named the Victoria Bridge, as it was officially opened on 2nd June 1877, Queern Victoria's brithday. The bridge's wooden decking, which had quickly fallen into bad repair, was replaced by a new structure made of concrete and steel girders, in October 1910. In 1933, six memorial lamps were erected on each corner of the bridge by families of prominent citizens who have died.

The railway bridge was constructed in 1885 as part of the second stage of the railway line to Devonport, and is at the western extremity of the original line. The railway bridge carries a single track. If you are in town early morning or late afternoon, you may see a goods train passing through Deloraine on its way to Devonport or Burnie. In the park near the bridge is a static E Class No. 1 steam locomotive which commemorates the opening of the Launceston to Deloraine railway on 10 February, 1871. This handsome and well-proportioned locomotive was built by Beyer, Peacock & Co in 1907 as their builder's number 4967 and is the sole survivor of two locomotives comprising the Tasmanian Government Railway's E-class which were intended for heavy freight working. It would have crossed the Deloraine railway bridge many times.



The Power Station, on the opposite bank to the park, is claimed to be the oldest existing hydro-generating plant built and operated by a local authority in Tasmania, and a rare survivor of its type in Australia made additionally significant by the survival of one of the turbines. Built in 1907, it housed two turbines, a 19 H.P. Gunter and a 45" Samson. The concrete weir across the river, and a diverting channel under a portion of the building, were all part of the complex.

Heritage Buildings


Deloraine has many heritage buildings, both in its main street and surrounding areas. Up the hill behind the hotel is the birthplace of Beside the river park is the Admiral Sir John Collins, whose brilliant tactics while captain of HMAS Sydney in 1941 sank the Italian warship Bartolomeo Colleoni in the first cruiser battle of World War II. Australia's Collins Class submarines are named in his honour.



Deloraine and District Folk Museum

The Deloraine and District Folk Museum is housed in a building dating from 1856. It was opened as the Family and Commercial Inn in 1864. Today it reflects the life of the country publican and his family. Housed in the extensive garden is a Pioneer Walk where you can view reproduction and reclaimed heritage buildings showcasing the lives, tools and farming equipment of early settlers. A new exhibition about chair maker, Jimmy Possum, is now open. Who was Jimmy Possum? Come along and learn about this Deloraine mystery. 98-100 Emu Bay Road, Deloraine.



St Mark's Anglican Church

St Mark's Anglican Church is a fine Gothic Revival brick church designed by W.A. Clayton. The church with its tall spire and hilltop location, dominates the settlement of Deloraine in the best English tradition. The main portion of the church was dedicated in March 1859 and consecrated in March 1860 while the chancel and sanctuary were added in 1878. Its three level octagonal tower with gable top to each face is surmounted by a spire. The church features a rose window to the transept, fine north and south windows with tracery and label moulds and blanked arches to the west facade. Location: St Mark's Anglican Church, 7 East Westbury Place, Deloraine.



Bonney's Inn

Bonney's Inn was established in 1831 and is the town's oldest building. It is one of Tasmania's most famous early wayside inns and was built as a coaching inn by John Bonney, the son of a convict. The bricks, but not the actual building, were constructed by convicts. Bonney designed the building along the lines of the coaching inns in England. It has walls which are nearly 50 cm thick, cedar mantelpieces and panelled walls. It has changed hands a number of times being, at various points in its history, a Temperance Hotel, a coffee palace, flats, and historic accommodation. It currently offers upmarket bed and breakfast accommodation. 19 West Parade, Deloraine.



The Empire Hotel

The Empire was built circa 1900 by Septimus Woodbury. At the time it was the tallest building in Deloraine – and it still is! It was originally built as a tourist hotel, providing stables and agistment for people making the trek from Launceston to the Mole Creek Caves by horse. In 1917 the front corner of the Hotel was occupied by Fowler’s Cycleworks – local lads who built quality push bikes. There are still Fowlers living in town today.

Over the years The Empire was often regarded as the place in town that welcomed outsiders. During the late seventies and into the early days of the forest wars The Empire was the watering hole and gathering place for the hippies. Many stayed on to make Deloraine the vibrant artistic community that it is today.



Harveys Roller Mill

1860 - Harvey's Mill which was built in the 1850s by Samuel Shorey. The mill once produced flour, oatmeal and rolled oats. It is now a private dwelling. Occupying a fine site adjacent to the Meander River, the mill complex consists of a two storey steam-driven mill and a two storey transitional Georgian house.The consistent use of stone and brick to different levels in both buildings is unusual. Leavel one of the mill features irregular bluestone blocks laid to courses. The wood supports were pit sawn and one foot (30 cm) square. 7 Westbury Place, Deloraine.



Bowerbank Mill and Gallery

A three storey Georgian stone mill with single storey annex and brick chimney. The building is intact and in good condition. The tall brick chimney, and its location close to the road, give the building landmark qualities. The Mill was designed in 1853 by William Archer, Van Diemen's Land's first native-born architect. It was originally powered by a water wheel but in 1870 it was converted to steam when a boiler room and chimney stack were added. Today it is an art gallery which offers accommodation. Location: 4455 Bass Highway, 2km east of Deloraine.

Calstock

A heritage-listed 10-bedroom Georgian mansion,construction commenced about 1830 by Lt Pearson Foote, RN, who had first been a settler in the failed West Australian Venture. It is possible that the porthole in the stables and the rounded detail to the front door are due to Foote's naval background. The property passed to John Field (of Westfield etc) who built the main part of the house in the 1850's. The house has an extensive mature garden and a fine setting in the landscape on a low saddle below Quamby Bluff. Still boasting original shutters, locks and gas lights that have been converted to electricity, Calstock has all the modern features you would expect from a prestige property, with the hallmarks of its heritage significance.

The Fields added to Calstock’s prominence, both in stature and reputation, through their horse breeding program and agricultural pursuits. The property became a racehorse breeding stud, with two 19th century Melbourne Cup-winning horses – Malua in 1879 and Sheet Anchor in 1880 – bred on its grounds. 14746 Lake Highway, 2km south-west of Deloraine.


Deloraine, 1858

Brief history


In 1823 Governor Sorell sent Captain John Rolland to explore the far west of Norfolk Plains (now Longford) and land to the west to find suitable land for agriculture. The area was subsequently opened up and named Mount Roland (it was incorrectly spent on the first offical documents and has remained mis-spelt ever since).

The settlement on the Meander River that became Deloraine grew from the village of Alveston and its convict probation station. Located on the east side of the river, it was named by John McArthur who had purchased land in the area, which he named after Alveston, his home town in Devonshire, England. McArthur built cottages to house labourers who came to work on the neighbouring estates; his small village with its two shops, a blacksmith, post office and tri-weekly mail and coach service fro Launceston was the obvious place to built the convict station when the decision was made to open one in the area. In 1832, the original bridge across the river was built by convicts, who began work on construction of a macadamised road to Wetsbury after the bridge's completion. Housing up to 500 men, the station was closed when the probation system ended in the late 1840s.

The district was surveyed by Thomas Scott in 1824; as early as 1832 he had refered to the locality as Deloraine, after Sir William Deloraine in the poem 'Lay of the Last Minstrel', written by a family member, Sir Walter Scott. James's brother, James Scott, also a surveyor, appoved the name when the town was surveyed. The district's free settlers were required to pay to take up leases in 1825 when Lieutenant Governor Arthur appointed Land Commissioners to assess the use of the land for future Crown Land leases. Bonney's Inn was built around 1831, and the town began to take shape around West Parade, up the hill from the more developed convict village of Alveston, but on the opposite side of the river. Town lots were surveyed in 1839, among the buyers were Capt. William Moriarty, and John Bonney, who in 1840, built a brick inn, which still stands.

The first Anglican church in the town was a wooden building completed in 1847, replaced in 1859. Early settlers in the district raised cattle and grew wheat, but the climate was unsuitable and they did not prosper. Alveston gradually joined with Deloraine as the towns developed. In the 1850s laws were changed to encourage development, allowing land to be purchased for as little as one pound per acre. Settlement then grew rapidly, in spite of problems with bushrangers and transport.

By then, Deloraine had developed as a major commercial centre with a daily stage coach service to Launceston, flour mills, breweries, churches, and shops lining the Emu Bay Highway on both sides of the river. Regional properties of up to 200 acres became focused on beef production, while smaller farms raised pigs, dairy cattle and grew crops. 30,000 acres were under cultivation by 1870, and quadrupled by the end of the century. The State's first rail link between Launceston and Deloraine opened in 1872.


The newly built road bridge and St Mark's Anglican Church prior to its chancel and sanctuary being added in 1878

The town of Deloraine became a municipality in 1863. A Baptist Tabernacle was built in 1880. In about 1890 a Victorian Italianate post office was constructed in the main street, now called Emu Bay Road. It was later used as the Deloraine library. Two years later local family doctor Frank Cole built the large mansion, 'Arcoona'.


Deloraine, c1909

In the twentieth century tourism became important to the local economy, with buildings from the 1830s and 1840s still standing in the town proving to be a populat attraction.

The Meander Valley Council was created on 2 April 1993 from the merger of the former Municipalities of Deloraine and Westbury. The Central Highlands Municipal Area was formed the same year by the amalgamation of the whole of the Hamilton and Bothwell municipalities and a relatively small part of the Municipality of Deloraine.


Deloraine, c1933